传统文化是中考热点,关于端午节可能考这些(双语)

发布时间:2017-06-01 14:11信息来源:

 

2017-05-30 09:54来源:初中英语老师

 

原标题:传统文化是中考热点,关于端午节可能考这些(双语)

 

今天是端午节,又到了吃粽子赛龙舟的时候了。大家都知道端午节的起源是纪念屈原,那你知道端午节用英语该怎么说吗?除了吃粽子划龙舟人们又以什么不同的形式来纪念屈原呢?今天就来学习一下吧。

 

我们先来看一段对话,有个故事情景我想你会看的津津有味一些的。

 

1

 

端午节话端午(Dialogue

 

A: Have you heard about the Dragon Boat Races to be held this afternoon?

 

你知道今天下午有龙舟比赛吗?

 

B: Yes, it is part of a holiday, right?

 

知道啊,是为了庆祝什么节日对吧?

 

A: Yup, Duan Wu Festival, but it’s also just simply called the Dragon Boat Festival. It’s among the three major traditional holidays celebrated by Chinese.

 

是的,是端午节,不过它也被叫做龙舟节。它是中国三大传统节日之一。

 

B: Other than the Dragon Boat Races, what’s special about this day?

 

除了龙舟赛,这一天还有什么特别的活动吗?

 

A: Traditionally, it was thought to be a time for warding off evil spirits, but now it’s just thought of a time to remind family members to take care of their health.

 

在传统上,这一天一直被视为是驱凶避邪的日子,不过现在它的意义已经只是提醒家人注意身体健康了。

 

B: Sounds great! I think I’ll join in on the boat competitions.

 

听起来不赖!我想我会去参加龙舟比赛。

 

A: After you’ve worked up an appetite, you can eat Zongzi. Everyone eats them during the Dragon Boat Festival.

 

等你划船累到肚子饿的时候,就可以吃粽子。端午节的时候大家都会吃粽子。

 

B: Eating is a really important part of Chinese culture, huh?

 

吃真是中国文化中很重要的一部分,对吧?

 

A: Yes, perhaps one of the most important aspect. Don’t worry though; there are no surprises in Zongzi. They are just rice with either meat or sweet red bean paste wrapped inside. They are quiteyummy!

 

没错,或许是最重要的之一。不过别担心,粽子里面没什么特别的东西,只是米饭包着肉或豆沙而已。好吃极了!

 

听上面的AB两人说的那么热闹,我们来了解一下端午节的起源吧!

 

2

 

端午节的起源

 

端午节

 

The Dragon Boat Festival

 

这个夏天节日的��源主要是一位名叫屈原的学术政府官员,他也是一位伟大的诗人。

 

The origin of this summer festival centers around a scholarly government official named Qu Yuanand he is also a great poet.

 

他爱国爱民受人尊敬,却由于被嫉妒而受到陷害,逐渐被皇帝冷落。

 

He was a patriotic and respected man, but because of the misdeeds of jealous rivals he eventually fell into disfavor in the emperor's court.

 

屈原由于无法得到皇帝重用,眼看着自己的国家沦陷,于是投如汨罗江自尽。

 

Unable to regain the respect of the emperor, watching his country falling into enemies, Qu Yuan threw himself into the Mi Low river and killed himself.

 

汨罗江畔的百姓划船在江中寻找他们尊敬爱戴的屈原,并且将米丢入汨罗江中,使屈原避免蛟龙的伤害。

 

The local people living adjacent to the Mi Lo River rushed into their boats to search for him while throwing rice into the waters to appease the river dragons.

 

尽管他们当时并没有找到屈原,但是他们的行为直到今天仍然被人们传颂着。

 

Although they were unable to find Qu Yuan, their efforts are still celebrated today.

 

看来是一个悲伤的故事。端午节表达的是对已故屈原的纪念,以至于直到现在他都活在我们中国人的心中。

 

3

 

端午节的庆祝方式

 

在中国,不同的地方有不同的关于端午节传说和庆祝方式,以下是大家最熟悉的几种。

 

大门上挂菖蒲和艾叶草 Hanging Calamus and Moxa

 

划龙舟比赛 Dragon Boat Race

 

吃棕子 The Culture of Zongzi

 

作香袋 Spice Bag

 

喝雄黄酒 Realgar Wine

 

了解了文化,该做我们的本职工作了,记点单词、学点例句吧!

 

4

 

端午节的相关词汇

 

端午节 The Dragon Boat Festival

 

粽子 zongzi/rice dumpling

 

糯米 Glutinous rice

 

赛龙舟 Dragon boat racing

 

雄黄酒 Realgar wine

 

香包 Perfumed medicine bag/sachet

 

驱邪 ward off evil

 

祛病 ward off disease

 

5

 

粽子英文表达方式

 

① zongzi (汉语拼音音译)

 

② rice dumpling

 

③ traditional Chinese rice-pudding

 

6

 

有关粽子的英文例句

 

1. 南方人喜欢包肉馅儿的粽子。

 

People in southern china like the zongzi with meat in it.

 

2. 吃粽子,赛龙舟。

 

Eat zongzi and hold dragon-boat races.

 

3. 那天我们赛龙舟,也吃粽子。

 

We hold dragon boat races and eat zongzi on that day.

 

4. 人们通常在这一天吃粽子。

 

People usually have zongzi today.

 

5. 端午节我们通常吃粽子。

 

We usually eat zongzi on the dragon boat festival.

 

现在,你是不是吃着香香甜甜的粽子,看着我分享给大家的文章呢?小简老师祝愿大家过一个甜蜜美好的端午节(粽子还真是好吃呢)

 

 

 

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